Tag Archives: North Korea

South Korean President Park Geun-Hye speaks during her New Year news conference at the presidential Blue House in Seoul

President Park Offers to Meet Kim Jong-un Without Pre-Conditions

by REERA YOO | @reeraboo

South Korean President Park Geun-hye said on Monday that she is open to holding a summit meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un without any pre-conditions, reports Reuters.

“My position is that to ease the pain of division and to accomplish peaceful unification, I am willing to meet with anyone,” Park said in her televised New Year’s Day speech.

Park’s appeal comes after Kim announced that he was open to resuming high-level talks if South Korea was sincere about improved inter-Korean relations and proper conditions were met.

“If the atmosphere and environment is there, there is no reason not to hold a high-level summit [with South Korea],” Kim said in his address broadcasted by the state media.

However, North Korea has been sending mixed signals. 

South Korea has repeatedly proposed opening dialogue with Pyongyang ever since the North Korean senior delegates made their surprise visit to the Asian Games in Incheon last year.

Despite this, the reclusive country rejected the South Korean parliament’s call on Friday for the resumption of stalled talks on various issues, including the North’s human rights and reconciliation projects. Pyongyang has also recently ignored Seoul’s call for inter-Korean negotiations.

On Saturday, North Korea offered to temporarily halt nuclear tests if the U.S. suspended its annual military drills held jointly with South Korea, but Washington immediately rejected the proposal after calling it a veiled threat.

While Park has insisted that there are no pre-conditions to holding a summit meeting with Kim, she has emphasized that North Korea should show “sincerity” in its decision to resume talks by taking steps towards denuclearization.

“North Korea should stop hesitating anymore and accept calls for dialogue,”

Inter-Korean Family Reunions

Park also stressed arranging a reunion of families separated by the 1950-53 Korean War in time for Lunar New Year’s Day, which falls on Feb. 19 this year.

“The issue of family reunions is one that cannot be delayed anymore, given the age of those in the separated families,” Park said, according to Yonhap.

The last inter-Korean family reunion was held in February 2014 with 83 elderly South Koreans and 88 North Koreans in attendance, according to the New York Times. About 70,000 South Koreans, more than half of them aged 80 or older, are on the government’s waiting list for the chance to reunite with their families from the North. While South Korean participants are chosen through lottery, it is unclear how the North chooses their candidates for these rarely held reunions.

The Interview and U.S. Sanctions

Park admitted on Monday that she has yet to see the controversial Seth Rogen comedy The Interview, which depicts the fictional assassination of Kim Jong-un, reports the AFP.

The FBI formally accused North Korea of hacking Sony Pictures. Since then, the U.S. has imposed sanctions that target North Korea’s top government officials and its defense industry. Pyongyang has condemned these sanctions and repeatedly denied any responsibility for the cyberattack–though it called the crime a “righteous deed.”

According to Yonhap, Park described the U.S. sanctions as “appropriate” and argued that North Korea should stop provoking the international community.

Korean American Author Deported 

During her New Year’s speech, Park also defended her government’s decision to deport Korean American author, Shin Eun-mi, who was accused of making positive comments about North Korea in several lectures and online posts.

Shin was deported back to the States on Saturday after authorities claimed that she had violated South Korea’s National Security Law, which has often been criticize for being an infringement to freedom of speech.

Park, however, defended its use on Monday, saying that the law was necessary to “ensure security” as South Korea “remains in a standoff with the North.”


Photo courtesy of Reuters/Jung Yeon-Je/Pool. 

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Korean American Author to Be Deported for Praising North Korea

by REERA YOO | @reeraboo

A Korean American author may be deported to the U.S. for allegedly making pro-North Korea comments, reports the Associated Press.

Local conservative groups have accused Shin Eun-mi, 54, of sympathizing with Pyongyang and propagandizing the regime’s ideals alongside her co-host during a talk show tour. According to TIME, Shin reportedly said during a November lecture that many North Korean defectors living in South Korea told her that they wished to return home and that North Koreans hope for change under the new leadership of Kim Jong-un. She also praised the cleanliness of the Hermit Kingdom’s rivers and the taste of North Korean beer.

During another lecture in December, an 18-year-old high school student threw a homemade bomb at her, injuring three people.

Shin had planned to return to Los Angeles on Dec. 12, but was barred from leaving the country after she refused to appear for police questioning, according to Yonhap. Since then, the Seoul police have questioned the author and requested prosecutors to formally indict her. Prosecutors, however, called the Korean Immigration Service on Thursday to deport Shin for violating South Korea’s National Security Law. Once deported, she will be banned from entering South Korea for five years.

Shin told reporters on Wednesday that she had no intention of praising the North Korean government and denied breaching the anti-Pyonyang security law. She also said her memoir, Korean-American Ajumma Goes to North Korea, is purely a travelogue and does not include any pro-North remarks.

While conservative groups have supported the prosecutors’ decision to deport Shin, others have criticized the country’s security law and called it an infringement to the freedom of speech.

“The decision to deport her is a clear violation of human rights,” the Hankyoreh newspaper said in an editorial on Friday. “The government is taking the lead in trampling on human rights.”

Meanwhile, prosecutors are also considering seeking an arrest warrant for Shin’s talk show co-host, Hwang Sun, for the same charges. According to the Korea Herald, Hwang is the former deputy spokeswoman of the now-defunct Democratic Labor Party and is famous for giving birth to her second child in Pyongyang back in 2005.


Featured photo courtesy of Yonhap


Netflix Says It Wants to Stream ‘The Interview’

by DAVID BAUDER, AP Television writer

PASADENA, Calif. (AP) — Netflix wants to make Sony’s The Interview available to its 53 million worldwide subscribers, the streaming service’s chief content officer said Wednesday.

Ted Sarandos of Netflix would not comment on efforts to make that possible, however. The movie starring Seth Rogen and James Franco is available on some other video services and in some independent theaters, after its wide release was canceled due to the Sony hacking scandal.

“People want to see the movie and we want to be able to deliver the movie,” Sarandos told reporters at the Winter TV Press Tour 2015 conference.

Sony declined to comment on the possibility of a Netflix airing, a spokesman said.

Rogen and Franco play journalists involved in a CIA plot to kill North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Before the movie could be released, the Sony studio’s computer system was hacked by unknown assailants linked to North Korea, leading the studio to ditch plans to release the movie widely on Christmas day.

Even without Netflix, Sony Pictures Entertainment said this week that The Interview has been rented or purchased online more than 4.3 million times, totaling over $31 million in consumer sales. Sony says that has made it the company’s top online film ever; it has made $5 million in theater box offices.

The Interview has been available through Google Play, YouTube Movies, Microsoft’s Xbox Video and various video-on-demand services.


Photo courtesy of Wiki Commons

Copyright 2015 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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Did North Korea Hack Sony? The Jury’s Still Out

by SUEVON LEE | @suevlee

Long after The Interview opened in some 300 independent theaters on Christmas Day and was made available to stream online following an unprecedented chain of events that saw the comedy nearly canceled, a question still dogs those following the Sony hack that started it all: who or what was responsible?

We thought we had an answer when the FBI on Dec. 19 said North Korea’s government was to blame for a massive cyber attack on Sony Entertainment Pictures that exposed a trove of sensitive data and embarrassing emails between studio executives before escalating into threats that terrorized major theater chains into pulling the film.

In the days and weeks following that announcement, however, some cybersecurity analysts and North Korea experts have expressed doubts about the FBI’s assertion, citing the circumstantial evidence against North Korea offered thus far by the U.S. government. (North Korea, meanwhile, vehemently denies involvement in the hack. Its excoriation of the film’s premise—a fictional assassination attempt on North Korean leader Kim Jong-un—fueled speculation it was behind the cyberhack and provides a swift revenge motive.)

“It’s hard to take at face value when the U.S. government says, ‘Trust us,’ because we’ve done it before…WMD in Iraq, right,” University of Southern California international relations and business professor David Kang told Southern California Public Radio KPCC’s Take Two on Monday. “If it turns out it was North Korea, then the government will be vindicated. If it’s not, I think it will just be further evidence of how difficult it is to attribute something as murky as espionage—cyberespionage—where it’s really, as I understand it, more of an art than a science to be able to pinpoint who actually caused the hack.”

So, in efforts to better understand why the U.S. government believes North Korea is the group behind the Sony hack that calls itself “Guardians of Peace,” while cybersecurity experts say, ‘Not so fast,’ let’s take a closer look at the arguments for and against in this, yes, murky debate.

Why the U.S. is Blaming North Korea


The FBI Says They’re Responsible

In its Dec. 19 statement, the FBI mentioned three distinct reasons for pinning the hack on the North Korean regime:

* The “similarities in specific lines of code, encryption algorithms, data deletion methods, and compromised networks” to other malware the FBI says “North Korean actors previously developed.”

* The discovery of an overlap of several Internet protocol (IP) addresses the FBI says are associated with “known North Korean infrastructure” with those IP addresses found in the malware used in the Sony hack.

* Similarities of the tools used in the hack to a cyberattack in March 2013 against South Korean banks and media outlets by a group known as “DarkSeoul.”

In this detailed behind-the-scenes synopsis of the Sony hack, moreover, the New York Times cites anonymous Sony senior executives familiar with the course of the FBI investigation. These executives claim that even initially, federal investigators “did not strongly suspect an inside job” but found that the hackers “used digital techniques to steal the credentials and passwords from a systems administrator who had maximum access to Sony’s computer systems” in a style similar to that waged in the 2013 South Korean cyberattack by Dark Seoul.

Government Access to Classified Evidence

On Dec. 30, in the face of growing insistence among some experts the administration was too quick to point a finger at North Korea, the FBI issued a follow-up statement, saying its findings are “based on intelligence from the FBI, the U.S. intelligence community, DHS, foreign partners and the private sector.”

The NYT noted that senior administration officials say it is rare for President Obama to “blame a specific country so directly,” as the news outlet put it—in other words, the president wouldn’t pointedly assign blame in a cybersecurity matter unless he was certain. “But they [the officials] continue to insist that they cannot explain the basis of the president’s declaration without revealing some of the most sensitive sources and technologies at their disposal.”

U.S. officials are not backing down from rhetoric condemning the North Koreans. On Wednesday morning, Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper told an audience at Fordham Law School, “Cyber is a powerful new realm for them, where they believe they can exert maximum influence at minimum cost, and this recent episode with Sony has shown they can get recognition for their cybercapabilities, and that is why we have to push back.”

At Least One Major Security Firm Believes the FBI is Correct

Computer security and cybercrime blog KrebsonSecurity.com reports that the co- founder of CrowdStrike, described as “a security firm that focuses heavily on identifying attribution and actors behind major cybercrime attacks,” stands behind the FBI on this one.

“We have a high-confidence that this is a North Korean operator based on the profiles seen dating back to 2006, including prior espionage against the South Korean and U.S. government and military institutions,” CrowdStrike co-founder Dmitri Alperovitch told KrebsonSecurity.com. Alperovitch added, “We haven’t seen the skeptics produce any evidence that it wasn’t North Korea, because there is pretty good technical attribution here.”

Deterrence and Vested Interests

At the Atlantic, contributor Bruce Schneier cites an argument from the diplomatic perspective: be that it may the U.S. appears “overconfident” in blaming the Sony hack on North Korea, “the long-term U.S. interest is to discourage other nations from engaging in similar behavior.”

“If the North Korean government continues denying its involvement no matter what the truth is,” Schneier writes in summarizing this view, “and the real attackers have gone underground, then the U.S. decision to claim omnipotent powers of attribution serves as a warning to others that they will get caught if they try something like this.”

The article also raises the point that Sony has a vested interest in the hack being characterized as a state-sponsored act to help mitigate damage from the number of lawsuits brought against the corporation by employees who claim Sony failed to adequately prepare itself against theft of vulnerable, sensitive employee data.

Why Some Feel North Korea Is Not Necessarily Behind the Sony Hack (or Acted Alone)


The Timeline Doesn’t Compute with a Film Revenge Motive

Wired was one of the first news outlets to point out that the hackers’ first public statement on Nov. 21 made no mention of North Korea or The Interview—and that it was only after the media began drawing a connection between the film and North Korea around Dec. 8 that the hackers began denouncing the movie in statements and issuing threats against theater chains. The first public statement, Wired’s Kim Zetter noted, “appears to be an attempt at extortion, not an expression of public outrage or a threat of war.”

The Hacking Style is Not Demonstrative of a Nation-State Attack

In that same piece, Wired pointed out that certain stylistic elements used by the hackers, including the image of a glowing skeleton posted to computers, and the “catchy nom-de-hack like Guardians of Peace to identify themselves” don’t typically characterize a “nation-state attack.” Instead, the tech magazine argued, “these are all hallmarks of hacktivists—groups like Anonymous and LulzSec, who thrive on targeting large corporations for ideological reasons or just the lulz, or by hackers sympathetic to a political cause.”

Linguistic Analysis

The Sony hackers apparently used computers programmed to a Korean language setting, but as plenty of analysts have pointed out, any computer can be configured to another language. Cybersecurity consultants at Taia Global, upon analyzing the hackers’ online messages, “concluded that based on translation errors and phrasing, the attackers are more likely to be Russian speakers than Korean speakers,” reported the NYT. The Taia analysts identified 20 non-standard phrases from the hackers’ messages and concluded that 15 were literal Russian translations, while nine were Korean.

An Inside Job?

Last week, the cyberthreat intelligence firm Norse Corporation expressed its own conclusion that the Sony hack was perpetrated by a small group of individuals, including a Sony ex-employee who had the “technical background and system knowledge to carry out the attack.”

The Verge also reported in late November, when news of the Sony hack was first publicized, that it received an email from a purported hacker, stating, “We want equality. Sony doesn’t. It’s an upward battle.”

The FBI Has Been Wrong Before—Or Had Inconclusive Findings

According to Vice Media, in early 1998, the FBI blamed Iraq for network interference on U.S. government computer networks when further investigation revealed it was actually the work of Israeli and California teens.

In addition, although the U.S. blamed Iran for the 2012 cyberattack on computers in Saudi Arabia known as Shamoon, it was attributed to a group known as “Cutting Sword of Justice.”

Furthermore, experts point out that while the FBI has stated there is common malware between the Sony hack and that used by the group “DarkSeoul” from the 2013 South Korean cyberhack, no definitive connection was ever made between “DarkSeoul” and North Korea. “The major problem with the evidence offered by the FBI is that it is self-referential, all of it pointing back to the 2013 attack on South Korean banks and media that was carried out by the DarkSeoul gang,” writes Gregory Elich at Global Research. “At that time, without supplying any supporting evidence, the United States accused North Korea of being behind DarkSeoul.”

So what are we to conclude from all this?


As the Atlantic’s Bruce Schneier argues in a piece posted to the magazine’s website Monday, there are the FBI’s assertions on one hand, and then there is all the countervailing evidence—or at least arguments rebutting or challenging the FBI’s conclusion—on the other. As his headline succinctly states, “We still don’t know who hacked Sony.”


South Korea Says North Korea Has 6000-Member Cyber Army

by REERA YOO | @reeraboo

South Korea said on Tuesday that North Korea has boosted its cyber army to 6,000 troops, twice the number of cyberwarfare specialists Seoul estimated last year, reports the Associated Press.

Seoul’s Defense Ministry disclosed the new figure in a report and claimed that the North is advancing efforts to inflict “physical and psychological paralysis” in South Korea by launching cyberattacks that will disrupt military operations and national infrastructures.

The report also noted that North Korea may have also gained the ability to strike the U.S. mainland due to its progress in missile technology, which was demonstrated in several long-range missile tests between 2006 and 2013. However, the ministry did not elaborate on how it made its assessments.

This unsettling announcement comes after the FBI accused North Korea of hacking Sony Pictures over the studio’s lowbrow comedy The Interview, which depicts the fictional assassination of Kim Jong-un. In response, the White House has issued sanctions against North Korea’s defense industry and 10 government officials.

Pyongyang has denied involvement with the cyberattack–despite calling it a “righteous deed”–and expressed fury over the sanctions, accusing the U.S. for stirring groundless hostility.

Meanwhile, South Korea continues to accuse the North or conducting at least six high-profile cyberattacks since 2007. In March 2013, hackers froze South Korea’s banking system and broadcasters, crippling activity for days.

According to Reuters, North Korea has been actively strengthening its cyberwarfare cell Bureau 121, comprised of the country’s most talented and sophisticated computer experts. The isolated state may be eying telecoms and energy utilities as long-term targets, according to some defectors.


Photo courtesy of Korean Central News Agency/Reuters


Get to Know Charles Rahi Chun of ‘The Interview’


Looking back at 2014, there was no movie quite like The Interview. A comedy about a fictional assassination attempt of North Korean’s current sitting leader Kim Jong Un, The Interview‘s release was preceded by the largest corporate hack in history, an online terrorist threat, and a last minute cancellation of the release which was quickly amended to a limited and online release after Sony, the distributor, was criticized by none other than President Obama himself. We spoke to one of the actors from The Interview, Charles Chun, who plays General Jong.

Audrey Magazine: What made you decide to become an actor? 

Charles Chun: My dream as a kid was to be an actor, but despite enjoying it in junior high school and performing and choreographing dance at Connecticut College, I didn’t honor this dream [until] a friend of mine took me to a dive bar in the lower West side of Manhattan to check out a cajun rock band called the Cowlicks. Physically, they were standing on stage, but emotionally, spiritually, and artistically, they were so into their music as if nothing else mattered, because they were doing what they love. In that moment, I realized I needed to pursue my dream of being an actor, and whatever the result, to know that I went for it.

AM: Can you explain your role in the movie?

CC: Sure. I play General Jong, the right-hand general to North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un. He’s an amalgamation of some of the hard-line generals of Kim. Seth and Evan, the movie’s co-writers along with Dan Sterling really did their research and wanted to illustrate the real life dynamics of North Korea, which is naturally comedic in a very tragic way. My hope is that the film will bring much needed attention to the atrocities that have been happening in North Korea under this fear-based totalitarian regime for way too long.

AM: What was the audition process like?

CC: I’ve played a variety of roles now in North Korean themed films and tv episodes, from U.N. Ambassador in The Art of War III, to a defecting North Korean scientist in Undercovers and a terrorist in Lie To Me, and it’s the job of casting directors in the entertainment community to know this. The casting folks at Sony reached out to my manager for a meeting, at which I performed two key scenes in the script and I was hired. Once I arrived on set in Vancouver and Seth and Evan saw that I worked well with their improvisational film-making style, they kept adding me to more and more scenes. It was a blast.

AM: What was it like on set? I imagine it must have been a set full of laughter, so what was the funniest joke that someone made? 

CC: I find Canadians to be amongst the friendliest and good-natured people I know. Seth and Evan, the co-creators and co-directors, have been best friends since pre-Kindergarten in Vancouver, and Seth and James Franco have been friends since their years on Freaks and Geeks.  Randall Park, who is amazing as Kim Jong Un, is a friend who I’ve known for 15 years as well.  So given all of these familiar dynamics, the set was very open and friendly, which is the best atmosphere for creativity, particularly for their improvised film-making style.

The funniest gag was probably when [spoiler] one of my North Korean comrades’ head explodes and his brain matter splatters onto my face. They use this machine that blows a chunk of red corn syrup with bits of fake brain matter with a kind of force that simulates… well, not that I would know, but a head exploding.  We had to get it in one take, given the mess involved and this huge splatter of blood and brain matter landed squarely onto my face. But as I was grieving for my comrade, a glop of brain matter began to slowly slide over my left eye while I was crying and I had to stay focussed and serious in grief, while this gross goop was sliding down my face. Everyone had a good laugh with that sequence.

It was a really fun shoot, and at the time, no one sensed the crazy escalating series of events that would make this such an international controversy and symbol for America’s freedom of speech and expression.

AM: What was it like for you when Sony announced that they would cancel all the screenings of the film? How did your friends and family react? Have you had to worry about any of your personal information being leaked?

CC: Everyday since our world premiere on December 11th, there has been some new twist or development. It feels like a gripping Netflix series. I was really bummed that Sony cancelled the Koream/Audrey red carpet premiere because it’s the kind of film to celebrate with our community. I’m just returning from my annual kundalini yoga retreat, and having been without news for just a few days, now that I’m back, it’s like catching up on several missed episodes of a Korean soap opera.

My friends and family have been really supportive and also in disbelief over this unbelievable series of events. It’s a comedy that’s gotten our President, the Republican National Committee, the far left and far right to all agree on saying, “go see this movie!”  It’s become a symbol of American freedom.

I’ve been asked by a number of reporters whether I’m concerned about my safety and I feel it’s shocking that this has become a legitimate question to ask. I’m an American actor living in Los Angeles, not in some Communist state and yet, this is a valid question to ask given the circumstances, which is just crazy. I love my freedom and choose not to live in fear.

AM: Have you been in contact with any of the other cast or Sony? How have they reacted?

CC: I’ve been in touch with both Randall and Diana since shooting the film and since our premiere. Can I just say that Randall is really amazing as Kim Jong Un. The film really hinges on his role and performance and the way Randall plays him is so smart and pitch perfect. Diana Bang, who they discovered in Vancouver and plays Sook, is also really excellent and I know audiences will be seeing a lot more of them both and rightly so. I think everyone involved with the film was really disappointed when Sony cancelled the opening, and equally elated when they decided to release it. It’s a very funny movie and it should be enjoyed by audiences who want to see it.

AM: What do you hope to take away from all this and what is next for you?

CC: It’s my greatest hope that what WE take away from all of this, as a society, is that the US and the world refuses to be intimidated by the fear tactics of others, whether it’s this corrupt North Korean government who is cruelly oppressing their own people or some other entity. And I hope the take away for the international community is that we cannot continue to allow for North Korea to treat their own people in such soul-crushing, horrific ways.

As for me personally, in addition to enjoying playing doctors, dads and North Koreans in tv and films, my other passion is holistic health and somatic healing, to expand the body’s natural capacity to experience energy and pleasure. You can find more detailed information about the health benefits of these sacred practices and my work here. I’m happy to go into more detail about my journey with this specialized modality, but that would constitute a whole other interview. Suffice it to say, that as an actor, holistic healer and Korean American, I believe we are here to realize our dreams, and hold nothing back within our mind, body and spirit in realizing this.


Originally published on Audrey Magazine.


South Korea, Japan and U.S. to Share Intel on North Korea

by REERA YOO | @reeraboo

South Korea, Japan and the U.S. will sign their first joint intelligent-sharing pact on Dec. 29 to better prepare and respond to the increasing nuclear and missile threats from North Korea, reports the Associated Press.

Although the U.S. currently has separate, bilateral intelligence-sharing pacts with South Korea and Japan, the two Asian countries do not have such agreements, partly due to the unresolved tensions stemming from Japan’s colonial rule of the Korean peninsula from 1910 to 1945. In 2012, Seoul and Tokyo almost signed an intelligence-sharing pact, but it was ultimately scrapped after public uproar in South Korea.

Under the new trilateral agreement, South Korea and Japan would share intelligence only on North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs, with the U.S. serving as the mediator, according to a statement from Seoul’s Defense Ministry.

“We believe that the arrangement will be very effective in deterring the communist country from launching provocations in the first place,” a ministry official told Yonhap. “The cooperation between the three nations is expected to boost the quality of the intelligence on North Korea, which will enable the allies to respond to possible provocations in a swifter fashion.”

The agreement comes after Pyongyang’s recent threat to carry out nuclear strikes in protest of a United Nations resolution on the regime’s human rights abuses. North Korea has also threatened to retaliate against the U.S. over Sony Pictures’ satirical comedy The Interview.

The vice defense ministers of South Korea, Japan and the U.S. will formally sign the trilateral pact on Monday.


Photo courtesy of AFP Photo/Saul Loeb

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North Korea Calls Obama a ‘Monkey,’ Blames U.S. for Internet Outage

by HYUNG-JIN KIM, Associated Press

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — North Korea blamed its recent Internet outage on the United States on Saturday and hurled racially charged insults at President Barack Obama over the hacking row involving the movie “The Interview.”

North Korea’s powerful National Defense Commission, which is headed by country leader Kim Jong-un and is the nation’s top governing body, said Obama was behind the release of the comedy that depicts Kim’s assassination. The commission described the movie as illegal, dishonest and reactionary.

“Obama always goes reckless in words and deeds like a monkey in a tropical forest,” an unidentified spokesman at the commission’s Policy Department said in a statement carried by the country’s official Korean Central News Agency.

The White House’s National Security Council declined to comment Saturday.

North Korea has denied involvement in a crippling cyberattack on Sony Pictures but has expressed fury over the comedy. Sony Pictures initially called off the release of the film, citing threats of terror attacks against U.S. movie theaters. Obama criticized Sony’s decision, and the movie opened this past week.

It wasn’t the first time North Korea has used crude insults against Obama and other top U.S. and South Korean officials. Earlier this year, North Korea called U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry a wolf with a “hideous” lantern jaw and South Korean President Park Geun-hye a prostitute. In May, the North’s official news agency published a dispatch saying Obama has the “shape of a monkey.”

A State Department spokeswoman at the time called the North Korean dispatch “offensive and ridiculous and absurd.”

In the latest incident, the North Korean defense commission also blamed Washington for intermittent outages of North Korean websites this past week. The outages happened after Obama blamed the Sony hack on North Korea and promised to respond “in a place and time and manner that we choose.”

The U.S. government has declined to say whether it was behind the Internet shutdown in North Korea.

According to the North Korean commission’s spokesman, “the U.S., a big country, started disturbing the Internet operation of major media of the DPRK, not knowing shame like children playing tag.” DPRK refers to the North’s official name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

The commission said the movie was the result of a hostile U.S. policy toward North Korea, and threatened the U.S. with unspecified consequences.

North Korea and the U.S. remain technically in a state of war because the 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty. The rivals also are locked in an international standoff over North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs and its alleged human rights abuses.

A United Nations commission accuses North Korea of a wide array of crimes against humanity, including murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment and rape.

The U.S. stations about 28,500 troops in South Korea as deterrence against North Korean aggression.


Associated Press writer Josh Lederman in Honolulu contributed to this story. Photo courtesy of The White House.

Copyright 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.